Explaining Hernia Complications
Hernia complications can be very painful. They can even be life threatening if they are not taken care of immediately. Most common hernias only become bothersome if they are enlarged or if too much tissue protrudes out. But with hernia complications, the symptoms can include nausea, vomiting and severe pain as well as discomfort in the localized area. When learning about hernia complications, it helps to know what a hernia is.
A hernia is described as a weakness in the stomach lining. This weakness allows an internal organ to protrude through the stomach lining or muscles. The stomach lining and muscles are responsible for holding organs firmly in place. A hernia can be seen directly underneath the skin. It usually happens in the abdominal area but it can also be seen in the groin, upper thigh area and anywhere you have had an incision after surgery. There are many reasons why a person can have a hernia and they include lifting heavy objects, gaining excessive weight, pregnancy, constipation and persistent coughing. All of these things can put pressure on the stomach lining and muscles and cause splits or tears in these areas. Organs and body tissue can then protrude out of these tears. If the hernia does not cause any discomfort or pain and the lump is not oversized, it is not considered a dangerous situation. But when hernia complications happen, the situation can become much worse.
Hernia complications happen when the lump becomes too large. This can put pressure on the organs and tissue and cause swelling and pain. Surgery is often needed to correct this problem. The worst case scenario that can happen with a hernia is when the intestine gets trapped in the tear in the abdominal wall. This can strangle the intestine and the sufferer can experience pain, vomiting and nausea. He can also suffer with an inability to have a bowel movement or even to pass gas. It can stop the blood flow to the intestine and if this is left untreated the bowel tissues will die. This is considered an extremely dangerous situation and immediate medical attention will be needed.
There are certain risk factors for having hernia complications. For example, males suffer with this condition more often than females. If you have a parent who has suffered with a hernia, you are also more likely to have one too. People who have diseases that produce a constant cough can have hernias at a higher rate and weight gain can be another contributing factor. A person with a long history of constipation can suffer with a hernia because of the constant struggling to have a bowel movement. This also weakens the stomach lining and muscles. Pregnancy produces hernias because of the extra weight on the stomach area and if a child is born prematurely, it is more likely to have a hernia.
There are many ways to treat a hernia. If the hernia is not causing any pain and the lump is not enlarged, a doctor may choose to wait before performing surgery to correct the problem. A person can have a hernia for a long period of time without any troublesome symptoms. But for hernia complications, a doctor might perform a surgery called a herniorrhaphy. During this surgery the doctor will push the organ or intestine back into the proper place and repair or sew up the stomach lining tear. It can take 4 to 6 weeks to fully recover from this surgery.
A hernioplasty is another surgery to repair torn tissues, but with this surgery, the doctor covers the torn area with a synthetic mesh. The mesh is kept in place by sutures until it fully heals.