Types Of Male Hernia
A male hernia is either one that either can only occur in a male, a somewhat rare situation, or one that men are more apt than women to experience. The two most common types of hernia are the hiatal hernia, which affects both men and women more or less equally, and which we normally experience as heartburn, and the inguinal hernia, a hernia in the area of the groin which could be referred to as a male hernia as it is experienced predominately by men.
A hernia, be it a male hernia or a female hernia, is simply an internal organ which has pushed out beyond the tissue or wall which contains it. Although not necessarily a serious condition, a hernia can be painful or unpleasant, and as it does not go away or heal itself, must eventually be dealt with surgically.
Inguinal Hernia - The most frequently occurring male hernia is the inguinal hernia. Nearly 9 out of 10 hernias that men experience will be an inguinal hernia. This type of hernia results when there is a weakness of some kind in the lower abdominal wall, in the vicinity of the groin, and an internal organ, often part of an intestine, will burst through the weak area, causing a bulge in the skin near the groin. The bulge may not be large or painful at first, but over time tends to grow larger and become more uncomfortable or painful. The pain usually accompanies activity, and will often subside when the body is at rest, though the discomfort may never disappear completely. The inguinal hernia may not cause a bulge or bump at first but may still be a cause of discomfort. At this stage the condition is easy to be misdiagnosed as a simple muscle strain. The inguinal hernia, and some other types of male hernia as well, can sometimes be congenital, present at birth, but not developing for many years. Most often though the hernia is acquired due to excessive strain placed on a part of the abdominal wall, weakening or injuring it.
Umbilical Hernia - The umbilical hernia is a congenital type of hernia, and is the result of a weakness in the area immediately surrounding the umbilicus, or belly button. In small infants these hernias, usually appearing at or soon after birth, will sometimes close on their own accord, and surgery may not be needed. In an adult however, an umbilical hernia that appears will not heal but only become larger, causing increasing discomfort, with surgery eventually being necessary to correct the problem.
Incisional Hernia - An incisional hernia occurs in an area were there has been a prior incision, such as would be done during abdominal surgery. The area of the incision may be weakened, especially if the incision healed under tension, so did not heal as completely and as strongly as desired. Incisional hernias tend to occur most often on a straight line between the breastbone and pubic area, and in some cases may occur repetitively unless the tension on the abdominal wall in the general area can be somehow reduced.
Epigastric Hernia - The final type of hernia experienced is the epigastric hernia. Of the various types of male hernia, this type is by far the least common. It occurs in the upper abdominal area, between the breastbone and the belly button. These hernias are not as apt to result from excessive physical stress or activity, as is the case with a hernia in the groin area, the inguinal hernia. The epigastric hernia is usually the result of a defect in one of the muscles or tendons in the upper abdomen. The hernia is usually quite small, but can nevertheless be quite painful as it is easily pinched during normal movement.
All of the hernias described above can occur in women as well as men, but are more often experienced by men, especially the inguinal hernia. Perhaps there is no such thing as a strictly male hernia, but men will get their fair share nevertheless.